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Journal of Conservation Science 2001;10(1):1-9.
Published online December 30, 2001.
능가사 출토 종이와 섬유의 해부학적 성질 및 미량원소 분석
Agnieszka Helman-Wazny, 박원규
Anatomical Characteristics and Trace Elements of Historical Papers and Cloths from Neunggasa Temple in Korea
Agnieszka Helman-Wazny, Won-kyu Park
초 록
본 연구의 목적은 전남 고흥 능가사 대웅전과 천왕문에서 발굴된 종이와 섬유의 해부학적 특성과 미량 화학성분을 광학현미경, 화상해석, 주사전자현미경(SEM-EDS)으로 분석하는 것이다. 모든 종이는 닥나무로 식별되었다. 인피섬유에서 분리된 투명막의 존재가 특징적이었다. 대웅전 벽에 붙여 있는 종이가 가장 손상이 심하였으며 천왕문에서 발굴된 책의 종이 세포는 비교적 보존 상태가 양호하였다. 천왕문의 동방지국상 아래에서 발굴된 섬유는 매우 좁은 세포폭을 갖는 실크이었다. SEM-EDS 분석에서 높은 실리카 함량이 발견되었다. 종이 내에서 발견된 칼슘, 철, 염소, 그 밖의 미량원소 분석 결과를 연대, 생산지 및 보존처리와 관련하여 고찰하였다.
The objective of this study is to examine the characteristics of historical papers and cloths found at Neunggasa temple, Goheunggun, Chonnam Province, Korea, using light microscopy, image analysis and SEM-EDS for fiber morphology and trace metal composition. All papers were made from paper mulberry. Transparent membrane, which was separated from bast fiber, was unique in these fibers. The papers found on the wall of Daewungjun were most highly degraded and those of the books, which were excavated under Cheungwangmun, were relatively well preserved. The cloths found under the statue 'Dong-bangjiguk' were silk, very narrow fiber without any marks. In the analysis of SEM-EDS, high content of silica was detected. Also small content of calcium was taken into consideration. Content of iron and chlorine were discussed from the viewpoint of potentially harmful elements for the conservation of paper. The composition of trace elements could not be used to determine the origins of papers.

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