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J. Conserv. Sci > Volume 29(2); 2013 > Article
Journal of Conservation Science 2013;29(2):187-196.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.09    Published online June 30, 2013.
해저 철제유물의 황화물에 의한 부식특성 연구
김택준, 위광철
Study of Corrosion Characteristics of Corroded Iron Objects from Underwater by Sulfides
Taek Joon Kim, Koang Chul Wi
초 록
본 연구는 해저 환경 내에서의 철제유물 부식인자 중 황화물에 의한 부식상태 및 출수 후 대기 중 고습 상태에서의 손상 현상에 대한 것이다. 이를 위하여 충청남도 태안 마도해역 뻘층에서 출수된 철제유물 4점에서 생성된 부식생성물을 대상으로 황화물의 존재 여부를 확인하고자 SEM-EDS 및 XRD 분석을 실시하였다. 분석 결과, 해저퇴적토 내에서 형성된 부식생성물은 주요 성분이 황(S)이며 화합물로서 황화철(FeS)이 형성되었고, 해저면에 노출된 상태에서 형성된 부식생성물은 일부 결과를 제외하면 표면을 덮고 있는 응결물(concretion)의 영향으로 뚜렷한 부식 양상이 나타나지 않았다. 출수 후 고습 상태에서 철제유물의 손상 현상을 확인하기 위해 부식생성물을 고습·제습환경에 노출시키는 실험을 실시하였다. 실험 결과, 고습 환경에서 황화철 부식생성물의 산화는 황산철(FeSO4)과 함께 황산(H2SO4)을 생성하여 철제유물을 2차적으로 부식시킬 수 있음을 확인하였다. 따라서 해저 환경에서 출수된 철제유물의 황화철 부식생성물은 반드시 제거하고 유물의 보존 환경도 제습된 상태가 유지되어야 할 것으로 판단된다.
중심어: 부식생성물, 해양부식, 황산염 환원 박테리아, 황화철, 철제유물
This study is on the corrosion of iron objects caused by sulfides in undersea environment. The corrosion state of objects in seawater and their damage state after they had been taken out of sea water and left in highly humid air were studied. The samples of this study were four iron objects which had been taken out from undersea mud layer located in Taean Mado, Chungcheongnamdo. SEM-EDS and XRD analyses were done on the objects to check whether they have sulfides or not. The result of analysis suggested that the major component of corrosion product generated in undersea deposit soil is sulfur(S) and iron sulfide(FeS) is formed as sulfide. However, there was no clear corrosion on the surface of objects which was exposed to sea water because of the impact of concretion which covered the surface. In order to check the damage status of iron objects after they had been taken out of sea water, exposure tests in high humidity environment and dehumidified environment were done on the corrosion products. The result of the test suggested that the oxidization of iron sulfide corrosion product makes iron sulfate (FeSO4) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and they can cause secondary corrosion of iron objects. Therefore, it is believed that the iron sulfide corrosion product of iron objects taken out from underwater environment should be removed by all means and the keeping environment of the iron objects should also maintain dehumidified state.
Key Words: Corrosion products, Marine corrosion, Sulphate reducing bacteria, Iron sulfide, Iron object

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